ABC Intervention | Publications
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Publications on the efficacy and effectiveness of ABC



Korom, M., Goldstein, A., Tabachnik, A. R., Palmwood, E. N., Simons, R. F., & Dozier, M. (2020). Early parenting intervention accelerates inhibitory control development among CPS-involved children in middle childhood: A randomized clinical trial. Developmental Science. 


Valadez, E. A., Tottenham, N., Tabachnik, A. R., & Dozier, M. (2020). Early parenting intervention effects on brain responses to maternal cues among high-risk children. American Journal of Psychiatry.


Flagg, A., Costello, A. H., Roben, C. K. P., & Dozier, M. (2020) Changes in provider fidelity after introducing a new model of intervention. Current Psychology.




Costello, A. H., Roben, C. K. P., Schein, S. S., Blake, F., & Dozier, M. (2019). Monitoring provider fidelity of a parenting intervention using observational methods. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice.


Zajac, L., Raby, K. L., & Dozier, M. (2019). Sustained effects on attachment security in middle childhood: Results from a randomized clinical trials of the Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up (ABC) intervention. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.


Lind, T., Bernard, K., Yarger, H., & Dozier, M. (2019). Promoting compliance in children referred to Child Protective Services: A randomized clinical trial. Child Development.


Yarger, H., Bernard, K., Caron, EB, Wallin, A., & Dozier, M. (2019). Enhancing parenting quality for young children adopted internationally: Results of a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology.


Dozier, M., & Bernard, K. (2019). Coaching parents of vulnerable infants: The Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-Up approach. New York, NY: Guilford Press.


Tabachnick, A. R., Raby, K. L., Goldstein, A., Zajac, L., & Dozier, M. (2019). Effects of an attachment-based intervention in infancy on children’s autonomic regulation during middle childhood. Biological Psychology.




Bick, J., Palmwood, E. N., Zajac, L., Simons, R., & Dozier, M. (2018). Early parenting intervention and adverse family environments affect neural function in middle childhood. Biological Psychiatry.


Caron, E. B., Roben, C. K. P., Yarger, H. A., & Dozier, M. (2018). Novel methods for screening: Contributions from attachment and biobehavioral catch-up. Prevention Science, 19, 894-903.


Grube, W. A., & Liming, K. W. (2018). Attachment and biobehavioral catch-up: A systematic review. Infant Mental Health Journal, 39, 656-673.


Raby, L., Freedman, E.,  Yarger, H., Lind, T., & Dozier, M. (2018). Enhancing the language development of toddlers in foster care by promoting foster parents’ sensitivity: Results from a randomized control trial. Developmental Science.




Bernard, K., Lee, A. H., & Dozier, M. (2017). Effects of the ABC intervention on foster children’s receptive vocabulary: Follow-up results from a randomized controlled trial. Child Maltreatment, 22, 174-179.


Dozier, M., & Bernard, K. (2017). Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up: Addressing the needs of infants and toddlers exposed to inadequate or problematic caregiving. Current Opinion in Psychology, 15, 111-117.


Dozier, M., Bernard, K., & Roben, C. (2017). Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up. In H. Steele & M. Steele (Eds.), Handbook of Attachment-Based Interventions.


Lind, T., Raby, K.L., Caron, E., Roben, C.K.P., & Dozier, M. (2017). Enhancing executive functioning among toddlers in foster care with an attachment-based intervention. Development and Psychopathology, 29, 575-586.


Roben, C.K.P., Dozier, M., Caron, E., & Bernard, K. (2017). Moving an evidence-based parenting program into the community. Child Development, 88, 1447-1452.




Caron, E., Bernard, K., & Dozier, M. (2016). In vivo feedback predicts parent behavior change in the Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up Intervention. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 1-12.


Caron, E., Weston-Lee, P., Haggerty, D., & Dozier, M. (2016). Community implementation outcomes of Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up. Child Abuse & Neglect, 53, 128-137.


Dozier, M., Roben, C. K., Caron, EB, Hoye, J., & Bernard, K. (2016). Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up: An evidence-based intervention for vulnerable infants and their families. Psychotherapy Research, 1-12.


Yarger, H.A., Hoye, J.R., & Dozier, M. (2016). Trajectories of change in Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up among high-risk mothers: A Randomized clinical trial. Infant Mental Health Journal, 5, 525-536.




Bernard, K., Hostinar, C. E., & Dozier, M. (2015). Intervention effects on diurnal cortisol rhythms of CPS-referred infants persist into early childhood: Preschool follow-up results of a randomized clinical trial. JAMA-Pediatrics, 169, 112-119.


Bernard, K., Simons, R., Dozier, M. (2015). Effects of an attachment-based intervention on CPS-referred mothers’ event-related potentials to children’s emotions. Child Development, 86, 1673-1684.


Bernard, K., Dozier, M., Bick, J., & Gordon, M. K. (2015). Intervening to enhance cortisol regulation among children at risk for neglect: Results of a randomized clinical trial. Development and Psychopathology, 27, 829-841.




Berlin, L. J., Shanahan, M., & Appleyard Carmody, K. (2014). Promoting supportive parenting in new mothers with substance-use problems: A pilot randomized trial of residential treatment plus an attachment-based parenting program. Infant Mental Health Journal, 35, 81-85.


Lind, T., Bernard, K., Ross, E., & Dozier, M. (2014). Intervention effects on negative affect of CPS-referred children: Results of a randomized clinical trial. Child Abuse and Neglect, 38, 1459-1467.


Meade, EB, Dozier, M., & Bernard, K. (2014). Using video feedback as a tool in training parent coaches: Promising results from a single-case design. Attachment and Human Development, 16, 356-370.




Bick, J., Dozier, M. (2013). The effectiveness of an attachment-based intervention in promoting foster mothers’ sensitivity toward foster infants. Infant Mental Health Journal, 34, 95-103.


Bernard, K., Meade, E., & Dozier, M. (2013). Parental synchrony and nurturance as targets in an attachment based intervention: Building upon Mary Ainsworth’s insights about mother-infant interaction. Attachment and Human Development, 15, 507-523.


Dozier, M., Meade, E. B., & Bernard, K. (2013). Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up: An intervention for parents at risk of maltreating their infants and toddlers. In S. Timmer & A. Urquiza (Eds.), Evidence-Based approaches for the treatment of child maltreatment (pp: 43-60). New York: Springer.




Bernard, K., Dozier, M., Bick, J., Lewis-Morrarty, E., Lindheim, O., & Carlson, E. (2012). Enhancing attachment organization among maltreated infants: Results of a randomized clinical trial. Child Development, 83, 623-636.


Bick, J., Dozier, M., & Moore, S. (2012). Predictors of treatment use among foster mothers in an attachment-based intervention program. Attachment and Human Development, 14, 439-452.


Dozier, M., & Bernard, K. (2012). Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up. Child Welfare 360°. Winter, 2012, 16-17.


Lewis-Morrarty, E., Dozier, M., Bernard, K., Moore, S., & Terraciano, S., (2012). Cognitive flexibility and theory of mind outcomes among foster children: Preschool follow-up results of a randomized clinical trial. Journal of Adolescent Health, 51, 17-22.




Dozier, M., Bick, J., & Bernard, K. (2011). Attachment-based treatment for young, vulnerable children. In J. Osofsky (Ed.), Clinical work with traumatized young children. (pp: 75-95). New York: Guilford.


Dozier, M., Bick, J., & Bernard, K. (2011). Intervening with foster parents to enhance biobehavioral outcomes among infants and toddlers. Zero to Three Bulletin, 31, 17-22.




Dozier, M., & Bernard, K. (2009). The impact of attachment-based interventions on the quality of attachment among infants and young children. In R. E. Tremblay, R. G. Barr, & R. Peters (Eds.), Encyclopaedia on early childhood development [online]. Montreal, Quebec: Centre of Excellence for Early Childhood Development.


Dozier, M., Lindhiem, O., Lewis, E., Bick, J., Bernard, K., & Peloso, E. (2009). Effects of a foster parent training program on children’s attachment behaviors: Preliminary evidence from a randomized clinical trial. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 26, 321-332.


Sprang, G. (2009). The efficacy of a relational treatment for maltreated children and their families. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 14(2), 81-88.




Dozier, M., Peloso, E., Lewis, E., Laurenceau, J., & Levine, S. (2008). Effects of an attachment-based intervention on the cortisol production of infants and toddlers in foster care. Development and Psychopathology, 20, 845-859.




Dozier, M., Peloso, E., Lindhiem, O., Gordon, M. K., Manni, M., Sepulveda, S., Ackerman, J., Bernier, A. & Levine, S. (2006). Developing evidence-based interventions for foster children: An example of a randomized clinical trial with infants and toddlers. Journal of Social Issues, 62, 767-785.